Implementation Research posted on January 27, 2010 09:52 Laura Sices, Dennis Drotar, Ashley Keilman, H. Lester Kirchner, David Roberts and Terry Stancin. PEDIATRICS Vol. 122 No. 5 November 2008, pp. e1091-e1099 (doi:10.1542/peds.2008-1773 ABSTRACT BACKGROUND. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends periodic administration of standardized developmental screening instruments during well-child visits to facilitate timely identification of developmental delay. However, little is known about how parents and physicians communicate about child development or how screening impacts communication. OBJECTIVE. Our goal was to examine whether parent-physician communication about child development is affected by (1) administration of a developmental screen or (2) video presentation on child development before well-child visits. METHODS. Six primary care pediatricians in a practice serving predominantly Medicaid- insured children participated. Fifteen parents of children 9 to 31 months of age per pediatrician were assigned to 1 of 3 previsit conditions (n 89): (1) usual care; (2) parent completed the Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status screen; or (3) parent viewed 5-minute “activation” video before completing the Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status. Visits were audiorecorded and coded by blinded raters using a classification system that assesses communication content. Outcomes included visit length, physicians’ questions, information giving, reassurance or counseling about development, and parents’ concerns and requests for developmentally related services. RESULTS. Mean visit duration was similar for the 3 groups (22.5 minutes). Physicians made more information-giving and counseling statements about development and raised more developmental concerns in group 3 (video plus the Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status) than in group 1 (usual care) visits. A trend toward increased use of such communication was also seen in group 2 (Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status only). Parents were more likely to raise a developmental concern in group 3 than in group 1. No parent requested early intervention, therapy, or other related services. CONCLUSIONS. Use of a validated screening test did not increase average visit duration, an important consideration in primary care. Although use of the Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status alone led to some increase in parent-physician communication about development and developmental concerns, additional increase in communication was seen with the addition of a brief parent activation video shown before the Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status was completed. Pediatrics 2008;122:e1091–e1099 www.pediatrics.org/cgi/doi/10.1542/ peds.2008-1773